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Erik „der Rote“ Thorvaldsson war ein norwegisch-isländischer Seefahrer und Entdecker. Er ist bekannt als der Gründer der ersten skandinavischen Siedlung in Grönland. Sein Beiname der Rote entstand aufgrund seines roten Haupt- und Barthaares und. Das Album „Eric the Red“ der färöischen Metalband Týr ist nach Erik benannt, die deutsche Pagan-Metal-Band Black Messiah erzählt die Geschichte Eriks im. Die Eiríks saga rauða, auch Erikssaga (eigentlich „Saga von Erik dem Roten“), ist eine der Weblinks[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]. Commons: Saga of Eric the Red – Sammlung von Bildern, Videos und Audiodateien. Eiríks saga rauða. Erik the Red: A Captivating Guide to the Viking Who Founded the First Norse Settlement in Greenland: drvarner.co: History, Captivating: Fremdsprachige. Finden Sie hilfreiche Kundenrezensionen und Rezensionsbewertungen für Erik the Red: A Captivating Guide to the Viking Who Founded the First Norse.
Die Eiríks saga rauða, auch Erikssaga (eigentlich „Saga von Erik dem Roten“), ist eine der Weblinks[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]. Commons: Saga of Eric the Red – Sammlung von Bildern, Videos und Audiodateien. Eiríks saga rauða. Erik the Red: A Captivating Guide to the Viking Who Founded the First Norse Settlement in Greenland: drvarner.co: History, Captivating: Fremdsprachige. The more narrowly we examine the histories of Erik the Red and of Thorsinn Karlsefne, the more confidence do we feel in the narrative of discoveries there.
As a child, Erik the Red left his native Norway for western Iceland with his father. When Erik was exiled from Iceland circa , he decided to explore the land to the west Greenland.
He sailed in but was unable to approach the coast because of drift ice. Erik returned to Iceland in and formed a colony.
One of Erik the Red's four children was Leif Eriksson. He is believed to have been born in in Rogaland on the southwestern tip of Norway.
Asvaldsson settled the family in northwestern Iceland, in the Hornstrandir region. Around , Erik the Red entrusted his setstokkr large beams with Viking symbols that held mystical value in Nordic pagan religion to Thorgest, a fellow settler.
Later, when he went to reclaim the beams, Thorgest refused to relinquish them. Erik took them and made his way back to his settlement.
Fearing retaliation, Erik set up an ambush for Thorgest and his clan. The village court met, and once again Erik was banished for manslaughter, this time for three years.
Having had enough, Erik the Red decided to leave Iceland altogether. He had heard of a large landmass due west of Iceland, discovered nearly years earlier by Norwegian sailor Gunnbjörn Ulfsson.
Between and , Erik the Red rounded the southernmost tip of the large landmass, finally arriving at a fjord now known as Tunulliarfik.
From this base, Erik spent the next two years exploring west and north, assigning names to places he visited with derivatives of his name.
He believed the land he explored was suitable for raising livestock and named it Greenland, hoping it would sound more enticing to would-be settlers.
He held the title of paramount chieftain of Greenland and became both greatly respected and wealthy. The settlement flourished, growing to 5, inhabitants spread over a considerable area along Eriksfjord and neighboring fjords.
Groups of immigrants escaping overcrowding in Iceland joined the original party. However, one group of immigrants which arrived in brought with it an epidemic that ravaged the colony, killing many of its leading citizens , including Erik himself.
Pirate raids,  conflict with Inuit moving into the Norse territories, and the colony's abandonment by Norway became other factors in its decline.
There are numerous parallels between the Saga of Erik the Red and the Greenland saga, including recurring characters and recountings of the same expeditions, though with a few notable differences.
The two accounts are largely similar otherwise, both with heavy emphasis on the exploits of Thorfinn Karlsefni and his wife Gudrid.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Norse explorer. This article is about the Viking. For other uses, see Erik the Red disambiguation.
Note anachronistic details in his weapons and armor. Main article: Eastern Settlement. Retrieved August Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada.
Baltimore: Penguin Books, April 19, The History of Canada. Archived from the original on Encyclopedia of World Biography.
Retrieved November 8, Government of Greenland. In the Hands of a Child. Olson, Julius E. Bourne editors. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, Online facsimile edition.
Retrieved August 1, Retrieved 1 August The Sagas of the Icelanders. New York: Penguin Group, Norse exploration of the Americas.
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